Medium Format vs Full Frame Cameras

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Are you debating whether to switch from a full-frame camera to a medium-format one? With quickly advancing technology, deciding which will better meet your needs can take time.

Understanding the nuances of each option will give you an insight into what could work best for your photography style and goals. In this blog post, we’ll go over the differences between medium format and full frame cameras, so you can decide which type of camera is right for you.

Medium Format Camera


A medium format camera, sometimes called an MF camera, is a digital camera that uses larger image sensors than full frame cameras. These sensors are usually around 44 by 33mm, and some cameras have even larger sensors.

A medium format camera is typically more expensive than a full-frame camera, but the payoff in image quality can be worth it for many photographers. The larger sensor size allows for better low-light performance and higher-resolution images that are ideal for commercial and fine art photography.

Full-Frame Camera


A full-frame camera is a digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera with a larger image sensor than most other cameras, usually measuring 36 by 24mm. A full-frame camera captures more light and information when capturing an image or video, resulting in better low-light performance and higher-resolution images.

Find out more about full-frame cameras.

Main Differences Between Medium Format and Full-Frame Cameras

Camera Body and Size


Medium-format camera system have always been larger and bulkier than full-frame cameras. Due to the bigger sensors, these cameras need a large body to accommodate them. While full-frame cameras have slimmed down over the years, they are still more compact than medium-format cameras.

Sensor and Resolution


A full-frame camera uses a 36 x 24mm sensor with an effective resolution of about 20 megapixels. This is adequate for many types of photography, including landscapes and portraits. On the other hand, medium-format sensors up to 53.8 x 40.4mm in size with resolutions of up to 150 megapixels.

This makes them the ideal choice for photographers who need to capture enormous amounts of detail in their images.

Low Light Performance


Full-frame cameras typically have better low-light performance than medium-format cameras, as they feature larger pixels and high ISO sensitivities. The difference in performance is not always that big, however – depending on the model of camera you choose.

Image Quality


Medium-format cameras generally have higher image quality than full-frame cameras due to the bigger sensor and more megapixels they capture. This results in images with better detail and less noise, making them ideal for landscape photography or other scenarios where you need fine details in your photos. Full-frame cameras also have good image quality but lack the resolution of a medium-format camera.

Price Range


Regarding price, medium-format cameras are more expensive than their full-frame counterparts. A top-of-the-line medium format body can cost anywhere from $15,000-$50,000 or more, while a full-frame body can range from $1,500-$8,000.

Dynamic Range


Medium-format cameras offer a higher dynamic range than full-frame cameras. This means they can capture more detail in the shadows and highlights, giving you greater control over your images.

Shallow Depth of Field


The larger sensors of a medium-format camera allow for greater control over the depth of field, meaning you can create images with stunningly shallow depths. Full-frame cameras can do this, but the result could be more impressive.

Video and Continuous Shooting Modes


Medium-format cameras offer fewer video and continuous shooting modes than full-frame cameras. This is an area where full-frame cameras have been able to move ahead due to the smaller size of their sensors, allowing for a more compact camera design that can better accommodate these features.

Benefits of a medium format vs. full frame


The main benefit of using a medium format camera is its larger sensor, which allows for higher-resolution images and more detail. The larger sensor also allows you to use lenses and filters that may not work with a full-frame camera. Additionally, many medium format cameras come with features such as autofocus and faster shutter speeds, which can be useful in certain photography scenarios.

Verdict on Medium Format vs. Full Frame Camera


Choosing between a medium format and a full-frame camera comes down to what you’re looking for in terms of image quality and portability. Medium format cameras have larger sensors that provide high-resolution images, making them an ideal choice for professional photographers who need the highest level of detail in their shots. However, they tend to be larger and heavier than full-frame cameras, making them less suitable for travel photography.

On the other hand, full-frame cameras have smaller sensors that provide lower-resolution images, but they are much more portable and affordable. This makes them a great choice for amateur photographers or those who want an all-around camera at an affordable price.



What is a full-frame camera?

A full-frame camera has a larger sensor than other cameras, allowing it to capture more light and create higher-resolution images. It is ideal for landscape photography or any other situation where you need lots of detail in an image.

What is a medium-format camera?

A medium format camera has an even larger sensor than a full-frame camera, allowing it to capture even more light and create high-resolution images. This type of camera is best for commercial or fashion photography, where you need the highest level of detail in an image.

Why is medium format so expensive?

Medium format cameras are typically much more expensive than full frame or other types of cameras because they have a larger sensor and can capture higher-quality images.

How many megapixels is a medium-format film?

The resolution of medium format film varies depending on the type used, but most are between 12-20 megapixels.

Is medium format better than DSLR?

It depends on your needs and the specific situation. Medium format cameras have a larger sensor that can capture more light, creating higher resolution images that are ideal for commercial or fashion photography. DSLR cameras are smaller and less expensive, so they are better suited for casual photography or hobbyists.

Is medium format better for low light?

Yes, the larger sensor of a medium format camera can capture more light in low-light situations than a full frame or other cameras. This makes it ideal for night photography or any other situation where you must capture images in low light.

How many megapixels is the full-frame camera?

The megapixel count of a full-frame camera can vary depending on the manufacturer, but most are between 24-50 megapixels. This makes them ideal for landscape and wildlife photography, where you must capture lots of detail in an image.

Can medium format lenses be used on full-frame cameras?

No, medium format lenses cannot be used with full frame cameras as they are incompatible. Full-frame lenses can, however, be used with a medium-format camera body.

Will I get better image quality with a medium-format camera?

Yes, generally speaking, you will get higher resolution images and more detail when using a medium format camera compared to other cameras. This makes them ideal for commercial or fashion photography, where the highest level of detail is needed.

Will medium format cameras work with my existing lenses?

Unfortunately, medium format cameras will not work with existing lenses as the mount and lens sizes differ. However, you can purchase adapters that allow for certain types of lenses to be used with a medium-format camera body.

Do professional photographers use medium format?

Yes, professional photographers often prefer medium format cameras due to the larger sensor size and higher resolution. Many have invested in medium-format digital cameras for greater detail and quality in capturing images.

What is the price of a medium-format digital camera?

Medium format digital cameras have a wide range of prices, from just over $1,000 to the tens of thousands. The exact price depends on the make and model and features like resolution and autofocus capabilities.



Now that we’ve gone over the main differences between medium-format and full-frame cameras, it’s time to decide which is right for you. A medium-format camera may be the best choice if you take many landscape photos or require high-resolution images. On the other hand, if you need something more portable and budget-friendly, a full-frame camera would be a better fit. Ultimately, the choice is up to you.


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Niki Kay

Introducing Niki, a product photographer at ProShot Media. Niki's work involves capturing products with precision. Through straightforward blog posts, Niki shares insights into the technical aspects of product photography.

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